高考英语阅读七选五解题技巧

作者:刘亚波    发布时间:2017/3/26    浏览:234

高考英语阅读七选五解题技巧

考点1 标题句

【典例】(2013·新课标全国卷片段)

Public Speaking Training …

  · 53   

If you find a public speaking course that looks as though it’s going to give you lots of dos and don’ts, walk away! Your brain is so full of what you’re going to be talking about. So trying to force a whole set of rules into it will just make things worse. As far as we’re concerned, there are basically no hard and fast rules about public speaking. Your audience can be your friends.

       

A. You aren’t like anybody else.

        B. You already do lots of things well.

        C. Turn your back on too many rules.

        D. Check the rules about dos and don’ts.

        E. Whatever the presentation, public speaking is tough.

        F. The one thing you don’t want is for them to fall asleep.

        G. So trying to force a whole set of rules into it will just make things worse.

你选__________

【解题思路】

      速读短文, 试找出能归纳总结本段标题的句子并标出能概括标题的关键词:

1. If you find a public speaking course that looks as though it’s going to give you lots of dos and don’ts, walk away!,

2. As far as we’re concerned, there are basically no hard and fast

3. rules about public speaking.


【解题技巧】

     段落关键词语定标题

     (1)一般单独成段, 标志为前有一些特殊符号或数字、字体黑色加粗等。常以单词、短语或简短的句子(以祈使句为主)来呈现。

     (2)选择大标题时, 重点研究第一段和最后一段。

     (3)选择小标题时, 需要把下面的整个段落读懂, 并根据段落中的关键词语归纳总结出主旨或中心。


考点2 段首句

【典例】(2015·全国卷片段)

        · 39 If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance. But there’s a difference between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”. At some point in all of our lives, we’ll have our trust tested or violated.

     A. Learn to really trust yourself.

     B. It is putting confidence in someone.

     C. Stop regarding yourself as the victim.

     D. Remember that you can expect the best in return.

     E. Seeing the positive side of things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring what happened.

     F. This knowledge carries over in their attitude toward their future relationships.

     G. They’ve been too badly hurt and they can’t bear to let it happen again.


你选__________

【解题思路】

     速读短文, 试找出能归纳总结本段主旨的句子并标出体现主旨的信息词:

1.If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance.

2 But there’s a difference between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”.


【解题技巧】

    逻辑与概括相结合

    (1)段落主题句。一般与后文是并列、转折、因果关系等。着重阅读后文第一、二句, 锁定线索信号词, 在选项中查找相关特征词。通常正确答案与空白后的第一句在意思上是紧密衔接的, 这两句间会有某种的衔接手段。再结合后文内容, 根据段落一致性原则, 查找同义词或其他相关的信息词, 最终推断出主题句。

    (2)段落间的过渡句。前瞻后望找启示, 即阅读上一段结尾部分, 通常正确答案与上一段结尾有机地衔接起来, 并结合下一段内容, 看所选的答案是否能将两段内容连贯起来。

 

考点3段中句

 

【典例】(2015•全国卷Ⅱ片段)

  …Before you begin your training, buy the best-fitting, best-built running shoes you can find. No one can say which brand will work best for you or feel best on your feet, so you have to rely on your experience and on the feel of each pair as you shop. When you have found shoes that seem right, walk in them for a few days to double-check the fit.  37 . As always, you should stretch(伸展)at least ten minutes before each run to prevent injuries.

        A. After six days

        B. For a good marathon runner

        C. Before you begin your training

        D. With each day, increase the distance by a half mile

        E. If they still feel good, you can begin running in them

        F. Time spent for preparation raises the quality of training

        G. Now you are ready to figure out a goal of improving distance and time

你选__________

【解题思路】

     速读短文, 试找出与该题相关的句子, 并标出信息词。

1.   No one can say which brand will work best for you or feel best on your feet. .

2.   When you have found shoes that seem right. . .

3.   . . . before each run to prevent injuries.


【解题技巧】

     1. 理清句子与句子之间的关系

     从逻辑意义上来看, 语段的句子与句子之间的关系分为并列、顺序、层递、转折、总分、解释、因果等关系。理解材料一定要把握语脉, 理清句际间的关系, 进而理解语段的内容。

      2. 找出句子之间的连接性词语

      语句间的组合, 除了从语句间的意义关系分析外, 还可借助句子之间的连接性词语来把握。常用的连接词有:

      因果关系: so, therefore, thus, consequently, as a result等。

      并列关系: first, second, third. . . ; firstly, secondly, thirdly. . . ; first, next, then. . . ; for one thing, for another thing. . . 等。

  转折关系: however, nevertheless, still, though, yet, otherwise等。
3.
词汇替代或复现法

1)从词汇线索上判断---代词    

英语表达中的代词出现的频率极高,代词的作用是指代前面提及的名词或形容词概念,巧妙利用这样的指代关系和根据代词的单复数差异可以准确而快速地解题。   

2 从词汇线索上判断---同义词/近义词     

英语前言后语之间往往有同义词、近义词、近义表达语甚至相同词汇的重复使用,这是我们解题的一个很好的判断线索。其实就其本质而言,上文讲的代词和下文将涉及的上下义词和同一范畴词都是特殊的同义/近义词。     

 

考点2 段末句

【典例】(2014•新课标全国卷Ⅱ片段)

Tips for Cooking on a Tight Schedule

      From my experience, there are three main reasons why people don’t cook more often: ability, money, and time. Ability is easily improved. Money is a topic I’ll save for another day. So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule:

     1. Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I’m already hungry and there’s nothing ready to eat. So think ahead of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials already?  17

     A. Try new things.

     B. Ability is easily improved.

     C. Make three or four instead.

     D. Understand your food better.

     E. Cooking is a burden for many people.

     F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden.

     G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on.

你选__________

【解题思路】

     速读短文, 试找出能总结、概括本段的句子并标出关键词。

1.   Think ahead.

2.   So think ahead of the coming week.

3.   When will you have time to cook?

【解题技巧】

     1. 文章主题句

     通常文章第一段要提出文章的主题, 如果在段尾提出主题, 会用一些信号词, 如转折词but, however等。特别是建议类说明文, 文章主题句常在首段段末。

     2. 结论、概括句

     结合前文内容, 查找相同词、同义词或其他相关的信息词, 从而最终概括出结论句。注意在选项中查找表示结果、结论、总结等的信号词, therefore, as a result, thus, hence, in short, to sum up, in a word等词语。

     3. 承上启下句

     结合本段内容认真阅读下一段开头句, 看是否与选项句紧密联系起来, 以此判断是否是承上启下句。


 
巩固练习
(一) 71 ________________

   Home can be a great place for children to study. It’s important to provide a workspace of their own where they can read books or just write a letter to their friends.

  Location (位置)

72 ____________ Kitchen and dining room are not so well suited for regular study, since books and pens get in the way of the day-to-day uses of those areas. Set up a place where a child can settle in and leave papers and pens at band without having to clear everything away each night. For a child that likes being alone, set aside a corner of his bedroom, but keep it separate from things like games, music and other hobbies not related to studying.

   Keeping Things in Order

     Parents should encourage their child to spread out, but to leave it neat and orderly when he isn’t using his workspace. Ownership is very important for self-respect. 73____________ The workplace should be personal, but not another part of the playroom.

  74____________ Encourage the whole family to help build a supportive environment that children need for success in school. Give them a good example of how to deal with problems, how to manage time and get things done in the right way. 75____________ Study will be more enjoyable and effective when supported by the whole family.

A. Attitude Is Everything.

B. Bring Organization into Your Home.

C. Here are several ways to choose a location.

D. Building a Good Home Learning Environment.

E. Hold a can-do attitude and your child will follow your example.

F. Setting up a space in a common area of your home can be a good idea for children.

G. A child who learns to organize his spare will carry organization into every corner of his life.

Copyright@2009-2018 株洲市南方中学 All Rights Reserved

湘ICP备18002763号-1  湘教QS7-200505-000292   投稿入口 校内办公入口

株洲市南方中学 学校地址:株洲市芦淞区董家塅

招生热线

0731-28550326

28552555

株洲网站建设