语法填空解题技巧

作者:刘亚波    发布时间:2017/2/24    浏览:291

语法填空解题技巧 
       I.
高考真题I
     If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify (
识别)those of   61     (great)and less importance. Then, handle the most important tasks first so you’ll feel a real sense of  62      (achieve). Leaving the less important things until tomorrow   63      (be) often acceptable.

Most of us are more focused  64     our tasks in the morning than we are later in the day. So, get an early start and try to be as productive  65    possible before lunch. This will give you the confidence you need to get you through the afternoon and go home feeling accomplished.

Recent  66      (study) show that we are far more productive at work if we take short breaks  67    (regular). Give your body and brain a rest by stepping outside for  68     while, exercising, or dong something you enjoy.

If you find something you love doing outside of the office, you’ll be less likely
  69      (bring) your work home. It could be anything-gardening, cooking, music, sports—but whatever it is,   70       (make) sure it’s a relief from daily stress rather than another thing to worry about.

II.考查方式和考点分布

一、语篇型语法填空的形式

在一篇200词左右的语篇(短文或对话)中留出10处空白,部分空白的后面给出单词的基本形式,要求考生根据上下文填写空白处所需的内容,所填写词语不得超过三个。

二、语篇型语法填空的测试点

主要包括动词时态、语态、情态动词、非谓语动词、名词、形容词、副词、连词、冠词、代词、介词、复合句、强调句、感叹句、倒装句、反意疑问句、省略句、定于从句的连接词和it的用法等。

三、语法填空的能力要求: 

1.阅读/理解语篇的能力 2.分析句子结构的能力 3.熟练运用语法的能力  4.单词拼写能力和逻辑推理能力等。

III.解题思路

1、考生在对题目进行作答之前,要先对所给材料进行详细阅读;

2、做题时,句子中如果有提示词,应该先判断出所填词语在句子中所充当的句子成分,例如,主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语等;最后根据其所充当的句子成分,加之其所处句子的语态等,选择词语的正确形式。

a、如果所给词是名词,一般填入它的___________形式;___________形式。

b、如果所给词是形容词,一般填入它的___________形式;___________形式; ___________形式; ___________形式。

c、如果所给词是动词,一般填入它的___________形式;___________形式;或___________形式。

3、在句子中没有提示词时,要填入的一般是冠词、介词、代词、连接词、关系词、特殊疑问词(含从属连词和并列连词)等虚词。
IV
.实战练习
                                                                               A

One of my father’s favorite 1________ (say) as I was growing up was “Try it!”  I couldn't say I didn’t like something, 2________ it might be, until after I tried it. Over the years I’ve come to realize how much of my success I owe to my 3________ (accept) of those words as one of my values. My first job was just one I decided to try for a couple of years until I determined what I wanted to do as a career (职业). 4________ (actual) I believed I would work for a few years, get 5________ (marry), stay home and raise a family, so I didn’t think the job I took mattered that much. I couldn’t 6________(be) more mistaken. I mastered the skills of that 7________ (begin) level position and I was given the opportunity (机会) to move up through the company into 8________ (differ) positions. I accepted each new opportunity with the thought, “Well, I’ll try it; 9________ I don’t like it, I can always go back to my 10________ (early) position.” But I was with the same company for the past 28 years.

                        B          

LaRon Tunstill,1       is 14 and goes by the nickname "Ron Ron", took off his new sneakers and gave them to a 2         (home) man he met on the street.

Tunstill was handing out food to the poor people with PurpMe, a local nonprofit, 3           one man caught his eyes.

"You can tell he 4         (hurt) so many times," Tunstill said. The teenager sat down close 5        the man, began talking to him and he noticed his worn-out shoes. The soles(鞋底) were 6        (complete) gone. His toes touched the ground. "He didn't want to take the shoes at first but I told him to take them because that's 7         God wanted me to do," Tunstill said.

    Reynolds, founder of PurpMe, took a picture of the sweet moment and posted it to Facebook. The photo quickly spread and 8          ( receive) 12,000 likes and over 8,000 shares.

    "Ron Ron was a wild kid. He grew up in an area where people get 9         (shoot) all the time, " Reynolds said. "The streets affected him a little, and at one point, he was fighting more ".

    Yet. Reynolds started instructing him and the teen began working with PurpMe. Reynolds said. "We may not have much ourselves, but we do the best with what we got. We just want to start a movement of people loving and helping one 10          .

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