定语从句关系代词(补差学案)

作者:刘亚波    发布时间:2017/1/16    浏览:488

定语从句

I.找先行词和定语从句

1. This is the best factory that we visited last year. 

2. Is this the factory where computers are built?

3. Please pass me the dictionary whose cover is red.

4. The man whom I told you I told you about has arrived.

5. Do you know the comrade to whom we are talking?

6. I’ll visit the professor tomorrow, when he will be back from Shanghai.

7. I still remember the day on which she first wore that green dress.

8. It rained hard yesterday, which prevented me from going to the park.

II. 找关系代词并分析其作用

1. I like the books which / that were written by Lu Xun. 
关系词是________ 先行词是________ 在从句中作________

2. Is he the man who/that wants to see you?
关系词是________ 先行词是________ 在从句中作________

3. A prosperity which / that had never been seen before appears in the countryside.

关系词是________ 先行词是________ 在从句中作________

4. Is this the book which/that she is looking for? 
关系词是________ 先行词是________ 在从句中作________

5. The old man who/whom/that they are waiting for is Professor Li.
关系词是________ 先行词是________ 在从句中作________

6. He is the man whom/ that I saw yesterday.
关系词是________ 先行词是________ 在从句中作________

7. The desks (which/that) we made last year were very good.

关系词是________ 先行词是________ 在从句中作________

下列情况下只能用that ,不宜用which 

1)先行词为不定代词,如allmuchanythingeverythingnothingsomethingnonethe one等。 

    We are willing to do anything that is good to the people. 

    I have told them all (that) I know. 

2)先行词是序数词或被序数词、修饰时。 

    The first book that I read last night was an English novel. 
3)先行词是形容词最高级或被最高级修饰时。 

    This is one of the most interesting films that I have ever seen. 

     This is the best that can be done now.      
4)如果有两个或两个以上分别表示人和物的先行词时(先行词既有人又有物),定语从句的关系代词用whichwho都不合适,只能用that 

    We know nothing about the doctors and the hospitals that you are talking about. 

    There are sheep and men that can be seen on the hill.      
5)如果先行词被the onlythe verythe lastthe sameany few littleno all one of just修饰时。 

    This is the only book that can be lent to you.
8. They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down.

9. Please pass me the book whose cover is green.

10. He has a friend whose father is a doctor.  

11. I once lived in the house whose roof has fallen in.  
关系词是________ 先行词是________ 在从句中作________

III. 找关系副词并分析其作用

1. I still remember the day when I first came to this school.      

2. The time when we got together finally arrived.      

3. October 1, 1949 was the day when the People’s Republic of China was founded.      

4. Do you remember the years when he lived in the countryside with his grandparents.      

关系词是________ 先行词是________ 在从句中作________

5. Shanghai is the city where I was born. 

6. The house where I lived ten years ago has been pulled down. 

7. I visited the farm where a lot of cows were raised.

8. Is this the place where they fought the enemy? 

关系词是________ 先行词是________ 在从句中作________

9. Please tell me the reason why you missed the plane. 

10. The reason why he was punished is unknown to us. 

11. I don’t know the reason why he looks unhappy today. 

关系词是________ 先行词是________ 在从句中作________

12. That is the way that/in which he managed to finish his task in such a short time.

13. I don’t like the way that/ in which you talked to your friend just now.

关系词是________ 先行词是________ 在从句中作________


IV.
改错

1. This is the mountain village where I visited last year.

2. I will never forget the days when I spent in the countryside.

3. The reason why he gave us seems a little surprising.

4. They talked for about an hour of things and persons which they remembered in the school.

5. All the apples which fell down were eaten by the pigs.

6. A child who parents have died is called an orphan.

7. Is this museum where some German friends visited last Wednesday?

8. Is that the reason that you are in favor of the proposal?

9. The train that she was traveling was late.

10. He was born in the year that the Anti-Japanese War broke out.

11. He arrived at a time, when, in his opinion, was rather inappropriate for them.

V.完成句子
12. Mr. Crossett will never forget the day ____________________(
他和他的学生一起度过的).

13. This is just the place ___________________________(我盼望参观的).

14. We are going to spend the Spring Festival in Guangzhou, ____________________(那里生活着我的父母).

15. The house, ________________________(它的屋顶在那场大火中被毁), has been repaired.
16. He has lost the key to the drawer ________________________(
放纸的).

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