湖南省五市十校2018年上学期期中考试英语阅读理解及答案

作者:刘亚波    发布时间:2018/5/24 12:32:00    浏览:15

湖南省五市十校2018年上学期

         高一年级期中考试试题英语科               

第二部分 阅读技能
第一节 阅读理解(共15小题; 每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

General Airport Tips

Plan to get to the airport at least an     hour early, or two during holidays and other busy times; this will pay off     with a major reduction of stress. If all goes well, you will have time to     relax, shop for last-minute items, or have a meal before the flight.

   

 

 


Flight Delays(延误)

Flight Delays (延误)

Find out why your flight is delayed.     Call the toll-free number. Find out if other airlines are experiencing     similar delays. If you believe the delay is due to something except weather     or air traffic problems, mention your doubts and ask the airline agent to     book you on the next available flight, either on the same airline or     competing one. This is called “Rule 240”, and all airlines are required to     do it. Use the lingo (行话); ask, “Can you 240 me?” when speaking with an agent. They will     know what you mean.

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Flight Cancellations (取消)

If your flight is canceled, then make a     reservation (预订) on the     next flight to your destination. Usually, airline staff (职员) will try to book everyone on     their flight out. Often they will put you on a competitor’s next flight     only if you request it. If on-time arrival is important to you, when you     check flights through our reservation system you can rate your choices     based on their on-time arrival records. Be sure to also check the weather     conditions, as they often affect flight schedules.

   

 

 

 

 

 

 


Getting Bumped (不能登机)

To avoid getting bumped, you must be at     the boarding gate at least 10 minutes ahead of scheduled departure (离开) for a US flight, 20 minutes     to/ from Bahamas, Canada, and Mexico and 30 to/from all other international     points. You must be at the boarding gate, not the airport entrance.

   

 

 

 



21. By arriving at the airport earlier, you can______.

A. buy what you want in the airport

B. take a rest in the airplane

C. reduce the pressure of catching the flight

D. get on the airplane earlier

22.   If you say “Rule 240”, it means you want to ______.

A.               get a ticket for the next flight

B.  check the time for the next plane

C.  know if other flights are also delayed

D.               ask why the flight is delayed

23.   If your destination is Berlin in Germany, you must be at the boarding gate at least______.

A. one hour in advance                          B. 30 minutes in advance

C. 20 minutes in advance                D. 10 minutes in advance

24.   What is the passage mainly about?

A. It tells us how to get on a plane.

B. It tells us what you can do on a flight.

C. It gives us some advice for air travel.

D. It gives us some advice on how to choose airlines.

B

A boy was one day sitting on the steps of a door. He had a broom in one hand, and in the other a large piece of bread and butter which somebody had kindly given him. While he was eating it, and merrily singing a tune (曲调), he saw a poor little dog quietly sleeping not far from him. He called out to him, “Come here, poor fellow!”

The dog, hearing kind words spoken to him, lifted up his ears and moved his tail happily. Seeing the boy eating, he came near him. The boy held out to him a piece of his bread and butter. As the dog stretched out his head to take it, the boy hurriedly drew back his hand and hit him hard on the nose. The poor dog ran away, barking and crying most dreadfully (害怕的), while the cruel boy sat laughing at the trick he had done.

A man, who was looking from a window on the other side of the street, saw what the bad boy had done. Opening the street door, he called him to cross over, at the same time holding up a coin between his finger and thumb.

“Would you like this?” said the man.

“Yes, please,” said the boy, smiling. He ran over to take the money.

Just at the moment when he stretched out his hand, he got a hard knock across his fingers from a cane which the man had behind him. He cried out as loudly as a bull!

“What did you do that for?” said the boy. He had an unhappy face and rubbed his hand. “I didn’t hurt you, nor did I ask you for money.”

“What did you hurt that poor dog for earlier?” said the man. “He didn’t hurt you, nor ask you for your bread and butter. Now, Tit for tat. Remember dogs can feel as well as boys. Learn to behave kindly towards animals in the future.”

25.What did the boy do when the dog came to get the food?

A. The boy fed him the food.

B. The boy pat him gently. 

C. The boy hurt him.

D. The boy did an experiment on him.

26. In what way was the boy wrong?

A. He should not behave cruelly to the dog.

B. He should not treat the dog as his friend.

C. He should not be so kind to the dog.

D. He should not attract the dog.

27.   What does the underlined Tit for tat mean?

A. When in Rome, do as Romans do.

B. An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.

C. Return of good for evil.

D. Return of evil for good.

C

Franz Boas was born in Minden, Germany, in 1858. After studying at the Universities of Heidelberg, Bonn, and Kiel, he received a doctor’s degree in physics from the University of Kiel in 1881. His first fieldwork experience was among the Eskimo in Baffinland, Canada, in 1883-1884. In 1886, on his way back from a visit to the Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia, Canada, he stopped in New York and decided to stay.

       Boas’s first teaching position in America was at the newly founded Clark University in 1888. Eleven years later, he became professor of anthropology(人类学) at Columbia University. From 1896 to 1905 he was also curator(馆长) of anthropology at the American Museum of Natural History in NY. There he organized and took part in the Jesup North Pacific Expedition of 1902, which suggested the possibility of a strong relationship between northern Asian and northwestern Native American cultures. After guiding the Columbia Anthropology Department for 41 years, Boas became Professor Emeritus(荣誉退休教授) in 1937.

       Boas’s anthropological studies have become classics in the field. He showed the necessity of studying a culture in all its aspects, including art, history, dance, language as well as the characteristics of the people. He pointed out that the differences in peoples were the results of historical, social and geographic conditions and all populations had complete and equally developed culture. He argued that no truly pure race exists, and that no race is superior(高级的) to any other.

       In 1911 Boas published the Mind of Primitive Man, a series of lectures on culture and race. In the 1930s the Nazis in Germany burned the book. Boas revised the book in 1937 and put his anthropological ideas about racism into popular magazine articles. In 1942, Boas died, having founded anthropology as a recognized social science.

28. In which year did Boas decide to stay in the US?

A.1883       .             B. 1886.                C. 1888.                D. 1896.

29. According to the passage, Boas spent most of his life working at ______.

A. Columbia University                          B. Kiel University

C. Clark University                                D. the American Museum

30. What is the third paragraph mainly about?

A. Boas’s research on Native American cultures.

B. Boas’s fight for freedom against the Nazis in Germany.

C. Boas’s teaching and research career in America.

D. Boas’s studies and views in the field of anthropology.

31. What do we learn about Boas from the passage?

A. He became a doctor when he was 33 years old.

B. He believed Western culture is better than all the rest.

C. He is one of the founders of anthropology.

D. He died at the age of 74 in his native country.

D

A popular saying goes, “Sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me.” However, that’s not really true. Words have the power to build us up or tear us down. It doesn’t matter if the words come from someone else or ourselvesthe positive (积极的) and negative (消极的) effects are just as lasting.

    We all talk to ourselves sometimes. We’re usually too embarrassed to admit it, though. In fact, we really shouldn’t be because more and more experts believe talking to ourselves out loud is a healthy habit.

    This “self-talk” helps us inspire ourselves, remember things, solve problems, and calm ourselves down. Be aware, though, that as much as 77% of self-talk tends to be negative. So in order to stay positive, we should only speak words of encouragement to ourselves. We should also be quick to give ourselves a pat on the back. The next time you finish a project, do well in a test, or finally clean your room, join me in saying “Good job!”

    Often, words come out of our mouths without us thinking about the effect they will have. But we should be aware that our words cause certain responses in others. For example, when returning an item to a store, we might use warm, friendly language during the exchange. And the clerk will probably respond in a similar manner. Or harsh (刻薄的) and critical language will most likely cause the clerk to be defensive.

    Words have power because of their lasting effect. Many of us regret something we once said. And we remember unkind words said to us! Before speaking, we should always ask ourselves: Is it loving? Is it needed? If what we want to say doesn’t pass this test, then it’s better left unsaid.

    Words own power: both positive and negative. Those around us receive encouragement when we speak positively. We can offer hope, build self-esteem(自尊)and inspire others to do their best. Negative words destroy all those things. Will we use our words to hurt or to heal? The choice is ours.

32. What is the main idea of this passage?   

A. Inspiring words make us confident.

B. Negative words make us disappointed.

C. Words make much difference to us.

D. Not sticks and stones but words will hurt us.

33. Why needn’t we feel embarrassed when we talk to ourselves?

  A. Talking to ourselves does good to us.

B. Talking to ourselves always gives us courage.

C. Almost everybody has the habit of talking to themselves.

D. It isn’t harmful to have “self-talk” when we are alone.

34. The underlined part in the third paragraph means that we should also timely______________.

A. remind ourselves                       B. praise ourselves

C. relax ourselves                              D. amuse ourselves

35. What conclusion can we draw from the passage?   

A. Encouraging words will certainly contribute to kind offers.

B. Negative words may inspire us to make more progress.

C. People tend to remember friendly words.

D. It is better to think twice before talking to others.

第二节 补全短文 (共5小题;每题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Are you ready for your exam?

So, it’s exam time againhave you done the necessary work to get good marks? Sleeping with the textbook in the hope that knowledge will be put into your brain doesn’t work. The best strategy is to space your practice out.     36­­    It means “Begin the preparation early!” Tom Stafford, a lecturer in psychology and cognitive science at the University of Sheffield, UK, advises, “If you organize five hours of study into one hour a day, you’ll remember more than if you study for five hours on one day.” 

       37    get pen and paper and start working. Students who can test themselves in advance will be better at remembering the material and learn that material in the long run. John Dunlosky, professor of psychology at Kent State University in the US, suggests that “you start by reading a textbook using your favorite highlighter and favorite colors, but then you go back and make flashcards of all the important information and instead of just rereading those, you basically try to test yourselves on them.”

        38    If you are still anxious, there’s no harm in doing a personal ritual(仪式). In Japan, it seems to be a tradition for students to eat Katsudon before a test. This is a warm bowl of rice topped with egg and a deep-fried pork. The name of the dish reminds people of the word “katsu”, meaning “winning”. For some students in South Korea, the key to success is not washing their hair before sitting an exam, because they believe they could wash all the knowledge out of their head.    39    

    The bottom line is that you need to study, sleep well on the eve of the test, eat a nutritious meal, drink plenty of water and believe that your efforts will pay off.    40   

A. Good luck in your exam.

B. Don’t rely on memory alone.

C. You should not push yourself too much.

D. Do not read all the textbooks on one day.

E. Good revision should give you confidence.

F. People in different countries have various ways to express good wishes.

G. And in different parts of the world there are always those who wear their “lucky underwear” in exams.

答案:       CABC          CAB             BADC          CABD         DBEGA

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